Going forward, K and K' will always denote two inertial frames of the same construction, with K' moving along the x-axis of K in the positive direction, at a constant velocity **v** ≠ **0**. Since K and K' are both inertial frames, K is also moving relative to K' at some constant velocity **v**' ≠ **0**. Both v and v' are finite, for the speed of every particle is finite.

**Notes:** (a) vectors are written in boldface, e.g. velocity **v**, while scalars in plain text, e.g. speed v = |**v**|, (b) we'll always assume that all inertial frames are of the same construction.